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Hypertension

Overview

High blood pressure, or hypertension rarely has noticeable symptoms. However if it is untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes. The only way to find out if your blood pressure is high is to have your blood pressure checked.

Blood pressure is recorded with two numbers. The systolic pressure (higher number) is the force at which your heart pumps blood around your body. The diastolic pressure (lower number) is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels. They're both measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg)

A general guide;

  • high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher
  • ideal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80 mmHg
  • low blood pressure is considered to be 90/60 mmHg or lower

A blood pressure reading between 120/80mmHG and 140/90 mmHg could mean you're at risk of getting high blood pressure if you don't try to keep your blood pressure under control.

If you're blood pressure is high, it could put extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.